ORIGIN 1.2
Physical life
Earth cools, life evolves
Creation Order (Genesis 1:3 - 2:3)
Bible and science agree on this sequence
DAY 1 - Light (fiery explosion, universe still blazing and expanding, sun gives light)
DAY 2 - Atmosphere (gases cool, water condenses into clouds and oceans, and breathable air between)
DAY 3 - Land and vegetation (cooling earth causes crust and shifting tectonic plates, land rises above the oceans, vegetation starts the food chain)
DAY 4 - Sun, moon and stars become visible (orbits stabilize, no longer perpetual cloud cover)
DAY 5 - Sea creatures and birds (in that oder)
DAY 6 - Animals and humans (in that order, humans to rule the earth)
DAY 7 - Pause in new creations (procreation continues)

God formed the earth in six distinct stages

The first chapter in the Bible – Genesis 1 – tells the order in which God formed the earth and populated it with life after creating it in the Big Bang (see 1.1).

The Bible's creation order, summarized above, is the same sequence confirmed by the most recent scientific findings of cosmologists, geologists, biologists and archaeologists.

It's highly unlikely that any writer three thousand years ago could know this exact sequence without divine revelation from the designer/creator.
We would expect ancient people to say, for example, that earth existed in darkness and then God created sun, moon and stars to give light and beauty ... or that man existed and then God provided vegetation and animals for food ... or that land creatures existed and then learned to swim and fly ... but in the Genesis account (Creation Order at top of this page), everything is in the exact sequence confirmed by modern science.

'Day' means long indefinite period of time

In the English translation of Genesis 1, each stage is called a day. In the original Hebrew language in which it was written, the word is 'yom.'

Just as in English, yom can mean either a 24-hour period or a long indefinite period, depending on the context (as, this is day of the jet plane, not day of the sailing ship).

See 1.2b for REASONS from the Bible itself why yom (day), in context, means an indefinite long period of time, an era. The Bible is its own best interpreter.

Within the last 60 years, dozens of amazing new testing methods have been developed and cross-verified for determining age of objects. See 1.2b for greater confidence that day as translated in Genesis 1 means age, era, stage.

The Bible does not give timing details, only the sequence. Timing is interesting, but not important. The only important point is that GOD DID IT, with purpose and in accordance with a grand plan unfolding over long periods of time.

Evolution within categories; humans not from apes

School text books often use a cartoon-like drawing to teach that humans evolved from apes or a common animal ancestor. The drawing shows a series of six or more creatures with changing physical characteristics, starting with an ape on one end and a man on the other, with part-ape and part-man creatures morphing in-between. Christians believe this is a gross offense to God!

NINE REASONS why Christians do not believe humans are evolved animals:

In real life there are no in-between creatures like shown in the drawings. By common-sense observation, real creatures are either all-ape or all-human, and a there's a huge gulf between.
Archaeologists have not been able to establish a long line of fossil branches (missing links) showing animals turning into humans.
The Bible says that humans are a special creation, made in the image of God.
The human brain and creativity are not just a little better than the highest animal, but infinitely better.
The most distinguishing human qualities are not evolutionary from animals, as laughter, music, art and mathematics.
Deep compassion is not evolutionary. Animal life is survival of the fittest, but man will give his life to save another.
Evil behavior is not evolutionary. Animals kill for survival but never strategize for ways to wipe out an entire herd.
Unlike humans, animals have no built-in sense of right and wrong and no conscience. For example, it is not wrong for them to kill each other.
There is no evidence that animals have any awareness of God or any kind of worship, but the transcendent has alway been paramount in humans.

Everything stays within basic categories

God established the primary categories of life, stated in Genesis 1 (Creation Order top of this page).

Due to adaptation and breeding, there has been considerable evolution and diversification within categories over long periods of time. But one category never evolves into a new or half-way category.

Land never becomes vegetation ... vegetation never becomes fish ... fish never becomes bird ... bird never becomes animal ... animal never becomes human.
The Bible doesn't say whether an original creation (e.g., a first animal pair) occurred simultaneously in many parts of the earth or orccured in only one part and then spread over time to other parts. To us, it doesn't matter either way.

Many people reject the whole concept of creation because it requires a creator (God). They believe the universe and all of life's intricacies came into existence without plan by itself from nothing, by chance. They say they come to that position by logic, not by faith. Fact is, that position requires an enormous of faith and see 1.2a for fallacy of the logic.

Many old objections and conflicts resolved

Recognition of the Big Bang (see 1.1) is new to science – within the last 70 years! – and has brought science and the Bible closer together.

Example: The Bible says that the earth was 'without form and void' when it was created. For hundreds of years people scoffed at that concept because science taught the solid state theory. But now science acknowledges that the earth had a beginning and was gaseous until cooled.

Example: The Bible says vegetation was created in Day 2 but the sun didn't appear until Day 4. Impossible, people said, because vegetation cannot grow without sunlight. But now we understand that simple vegetation can grow from light glowing through dense cloud cover and mist arising from warm soil; eventually orbits stabilized and the sun became visible (from earth perspective) through breaks in the cooling clouds to serve as times and seasons and to give light on the earth.

Scientific-minded people had argued that if the Bible was wrong about these matters, it was probably wrong about other matters too. The old conflicts were not so much about theology as with credibility of the Bible.
Accepting the Big Bang has been difficult for some Christians, too, who were taught in Sunday School that the English word day (translation of Hebrew yom) always means 24 hours.

Actually, differences in views about the timing and method of creation are interesting but have nothing to do with Christology – the life, teachings, death and resurrection of Jesus Christ – the essential theology of Christianity.
The Big Bang doesn't take anything away from God. In fact, it makes God even more majestic when we contemplate the amazing way God's divine plan unfolds with such intricacy and precision over ages of time.

Light is first essential for life

The first thing God created on earth after the Big Bang was light. Heat in the Big Bang was so intense – calculated to be over 10 billions degrees Fahrenheit– that light could not penetrate it.

There was light all around from burning gasses and debris that eventually formed stars and planets, but from earth's perspective looking out, there was only darkness because of intense heat, then dense cloud cover.

Light became visible only after clouds thinned and condensed in cool air, and eventually the sun became visible when clouds rolled away.

See 1.2d for reasons why light is essential to every part of our existence. The Bible says a lot about light and says that Jesus is the light of the world.

God has paused new creations; now in seventh day

Bible says God rested on seventh day. Doesn't imply got tired, just stopped working (creating).

Increase after own kind.

Now not original creations, but processions from the original.

Only day that does not have evening.

Moved into spiritual realm.

Even smallest creature on earth changing. Have sequences genome and use for CRISPR. Amazing new field.

Humans are God's crowning creation

The Bible says that humans are made in likeness to God, created to have a relationship with God, to multiply and to rule the earth.

Rest of story about humans, relatively new on scene

Design or chance

Which of the following do you think is true:
The world is the result of
(A) intelligent design, or
(B) random chance?
Most people will say it’s both design and chance. Okay, let’s say it’s 50% design and 50% chance. Then the answer includes A, because design is an essential part of what we observe and experience. Even if it’s 1% design and 99% chance, the answer still includes A.
Most people conclude that it takes too much faith to believe that the world is 100% the result of random chance only.
This conclusion comes not from religion, not from emotion, but from reason.

Designer

It follows logically that if there is intelligent design in the world, there must be a DESIGNER.
And since we observe and experience reality of the design, it follows that there must be a CREATOR who implemented the design into actual existence.

Creation

Whether our world was created QUICKLY in 24-hour human days with built-in apparent age (e.g., mountains and trees were mature, Adam was a full-grown man) or SLOWLY in geological days, it doesn’t matter.
The important point is: God did it!
Scientists say the universe began about 15 billion years ago from a bright flash of energy, the big bang. If that was the beginning of nature, then some intelligence outside of nature, and above nature, had to trigger the big bang, to start everything out of nothing, and to establish those predetermined laws of nuclear energy, gravity and physical matter that enabled it to happen with orderly precision.
Evolution may be God’s method of creation within broad categories, but note that rocks never become plants, plants never become animals, and animals never become humans.
Throughout history the designer-creator has been called God, which means Almighty Being, nothing superior.

Science and theology

We call the study of God’s physical design science and the study of God’s spiritual design theology.
Science limits itself to time and space and to experimentation that can be physically observed, measured and repeated.
Theology moves into the intangible realm of relationships, motivations and decisions.
There is no contradiction between science and theology. They just make different inquiries in different ways.

Bible was right again

Just as modern science now acknowledges that the Bible was right all along about the beginning of the universe in the Big Bang, science also now agrees that the Bible is correct in its list of the exact order of first appearances, a counter-intuitive sequence that would be impossible for anyone to know three thousand years ago without divine revelation from the designer/creator.

Scientific verification of the precise sequence increases confidence in the Bible and provides another REASON for Christian faith.